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The Bermuda Triangle

The "Bermuda Triangle" or "Devil's Triangle" is an imaginary area located off the southeastern Atlantic coast of the United States of America, which is noted for a supposedly high incidence of unexplained disappearances of ships and aircraft. The apexes of the triangle are generally believed to be Bermuda; Miami, Florida; and San Juan, Puerto Rico. The US Board of Geographic Names does not recognize the Bermuda Triangle as an official name. The US Navy does not believe the Bermuda Triangle exists. It is reported that Lloyd's of London, the world's leading market for specialist insurance, does not charge higher premiums for vessels transiting this heavily traveled area.

The most famous US Navy losses which have occurred in the area popularly known as the Bermuda Triangle are USS Cyclops in March 1918 and the aircraft of Flight 19 in December 1945. The ship probably sank in an unexpected storm, and the aircraft ran out of fuel and crashed into the ocean -- no physical traces of them have ever been found. Another well known disappearance is the civilian tanker SS Marine Sulphur Queen carrying bulk molten sulfur which sank in February 1963. Although the wreck of Marine Sulphur Queen has not been located, a life preserver and other floating artifacts were recovered. These disappearances have been used to provide credence to the popular belief in the mystery and purported supernatural qualities of the "Bermuda Triangle."

Since the days of early civilization many thousands of ships have sunk and/or disappeared in waters around the world due to navigational and other human errors, storms, piracy, fires, and structural/mechanical failures. Aircraft are subject to the same problems, and many of them have crashed at sea around the globe. Often, there were no living witnesses to the sinking or crash, and hence the exact cause of the loss and the location of the lost ship or aircraft are unknown. A large number of pleasure boats travel the waters between Florida and the Bahamas. All too often, crossings are attempted with too small a boat, insufficient knowledge of the area's hazards, and a lack of good seamanship.

To see how common accidents are at sea, you can examine some of the recent accident reports of the National Transportation Safety Board for ships and aircraft. One of the aircraft accident reports concerns an in-flight engine failure and subsequent ditching of a Cessna aircraft near Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas on 13 July 2003. This is the type of accident that would likely have been attributed to mysterious causes in the Bermuda Triangle if there had been no survivors or other eyewitnesses of the crash.

A significant factor with regard to missing vessels in the Bermuda Triangle is a strong ocean current called the Gulf Stream. It is extremely swift and turbulent and can quickly erase evidence of a disaster. The weather also plays its role. Prior to the development of telegraph, radio and radar, sailors did not know a storm or hurricane was nearby until it appeared on the horizon. For example, the Continental Navy sloop Saratoga was lost off the Bahamas in such a storm with all her crew on 18 March 1781. Many other US Navy ships have been lost at sea in storms around the world. Sudden local thunder storms and water spouts can sometimes spell disaster for mariners and air crews. Finally, the topography of the ocean floor varies from extensive shoals around the islands to some of the deepest marine trenches in the world. With the interaction of the strong currents over the many reefs the topography of the ocean bottom is in a state of flux and the development of new navigational hazards can sometimes be swift.

It has been inaccurately claimed that the Bermuda Triangle is one of the two places on earth at which a magnetic compass points towards true north. Normally a compass will point toward magnetic north. The difference between the two is known as compass variation. The amount of variation changes by as much as 60 degrees at various locations around the World. If this compass variation or error is not compensated for, navigators can find themselves far off course and in deep trouble. Although in the past this compass variation did affect the "Bermuda Triangle" region, due to fluctuations in the Earth's magnetic field this has apparently not been the case since the nineteenth century.

We know of no US Government-issued maps that delineate the boundaries of the Bermuda Triangle. However, general maps as well as nautical and aviation charts of the general area are widely available in libraries and from commercial map dealers.


you smile because iam different,i laugh because your all the same

Sep/26/2007, 1:27 pm Link to this post Send Email to MaTTsWoRld   Send PM to MaTTsWoRld Blog
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Re: the bermuda triangle

OMNI September 1987 - UFO UPDATE by Sherry Baker
     Five TBM Avenger torpedo bombers left the Naval Air Station in Fort Laud-
erdale, Florida, on December 5, 1945, for a routine training mission. But less
than three hours later, all five planes and their crews of 14 were missing. A
Martin flying boat (a plane that can land on water) was immediately sent to the
rescue; but that craft, along with 13 crew members, also disappeared.
     Cryptic messages attributed to the flight instructor, including the cry
"Don't come after me; they look like they're from outer space," have long fuel-
ed speculation that aliens were involved in the planes' mysterious disappear-
ance. And now a Poway, California, man named Wesley Bateman claims he has
evidence that extraterrestrials hurled the planes into space. In fact, Bateman
asserts, at least one of the Avengers is entombed in ice about 6,000 miles
above the earth, just over the Bermuda Triange.
     Bateman, who says he conducts privately funded UFO research "for a group
of people who want to remain anonymous," made his discovery while watching a
videotape about UFOs. After watching the tape several times, Bateman says, he
noticed an object allegedly photographed by Apollo 11 astronauts. What's more,
he declares, he realized that the object resembled a TBM Avenger, "The heaviest
part of the plane-the nose-is pointed toward the earth," he states. "And you
can easily recognize the bubble turret and the tail."
     But how did a 1945 propeller-driven airplane get into orbit? Bateman
theorizes that depth charges dropped by the Avengers may have damaged an alien
craft under the sea. "When the UFO rose out of the water to avoid further dam-
age," Bateman says, "its rapid departure created a propulsion vortex, sucking
up a lot of seawater and the planes along with it."
     As far as aviation journalist and UFO skeptic Philip J. Klass is concerned
however, Bateman's theory is full of holes. "I've personally spent days in the
Navy archives going through the records of Flight 19, and there is simply no
mystery to it," he insists. Klass says the craft originally headed east, toward
the Bahamas. The flight instructor became disoriented and decided that the
aircraft were over the Florida Keys. He thus ordered the planes north, toward
what he thought was the mainland. But since the planes were over the Bahamas,
heading north pointed them toward Greenland. Greenland was just too far away,
and the aircraft simply ran out of gas.
     But how does Klass explain the photo of an Avengar some 6,000 miles above`
the earth? "I could say that the object looks like the face of God," he says.
"Besides, our radar monitors every object in Earth orbit. It's powerful enough
to detect a six-inch-long metal strap that has fallen off a satellite. An
object the size of an Avenger would long ago have attracted attention." NASA
spokesman Ken Atchison adds, "I was around during the Apollo days, and I've
never heard of the astronauts seeing or photographing anything like what Bate-
man is talking about." Still, Bateman insists that seeing is believing. "I
can't imagine anyone looking at this photo," he asserts, "and saying it's not
an Avenger. This is conclusive proof that UFO's exist."


you smile because iam different,i laugh because your all the same

Jan/24/2009, 5:21 pm Link to this post Send Email to MaTTsWoRld   Send PM to MaTTsWoRld Blog

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